Many modern people forget about a number of things. This phenomenon is often associated with other manifestations of a deterioration of the proper functioning of the brain: impairment of learning abilities, lethargy, depression, sleep disturbance, headache, dizziness, and so on. To eliminate these conditions, drugs called nootropics are used. The ancestor of these drugs is piracetam, invented almost half a century ago in Austria. However, even today it is one of the most popular & best nootropics. ...

What are nootropics? The definition of nootropic drugs is as follows: these are substances that activate the higher integrative activity of the brain, restore disturbed mnestic (memory-related) and cognitive functions, reduce neurological deficits, and enhance resistance to extreme situations. Initially nootropic drugs were created for treating Parkinson's disease in the early stages, dementia, Alzheimer's disease, narcolepsy, depression, attention deficit disorder and ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder). Now, such pills are becoming “lifestyle drugs”, the same as, for example, Viagra.

Some principles of the work of nootropic drugs

What are nootropics – history, principle of action, and side effects!

Top nootropics release reserves of neurotransmitters (such as dopamine, serotonin and many others), accelerate or slow down their synthesis, activate or block synaptic receptors, stimulate the return of neurotransmitters, and the like. The effects are not always targeted, and they are usually complex, because any change can affect many aspects of nervous activity. This principle of work leads to the problem of side effects. Creation of detailed models of the brain (for example, as in the IBM Blue Brain project) will allow scientists to better understand the effect of nootropic drugs, hence they will create more selective (and, therefore, more effective and safe) nootropic drugs.

Side effects of the drugs

In general, nootropic drugs are a safe class of medicaments. Ritalin is considered the most dangerous one. There are three groups of side effects of these meds:

      1. Mental side effects of nootropics can be manifested with overdose of drugs and are characterized by the effect of


    with increased irritability, anxiety, a feeling of inner tension, increased sex drive, and sleep disturbance. In some cases, paradoxical reactions, such as weakness and drowsiness, are possible. The described side effects disappear when the dose is reduced or the drugs administration is cancelled.
    2. Neurological side effects can be characterized by the appearance of tremors, increased tendon reflexes, and dizziness. These adverse events, as a rule, occur in case of the drugs overdose.

Somatic side effects

    can be manifested by dyspeptic disorders, a decrease in appetite, worsening of taste sensations, and headache.

Nootropic drugs – the bottom line

Summarizing the above, we can say that nootropic drugs rightfully occupy an important place in the treatment of brain disorders. However, uncontrolled administration of these drugs without consulting a specialist, as in the case of other drugs, can do more harm than beneficial effects. If you decide to buy nootropics without a prescription, you may be faced with unexpected adverse events.